IEEE Women in Engineering

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Cancer Level Detection System – Students Research in ML and DL at Durham College

May 6 @ 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm

Cancer ranks as a leading cause of death and an important barrier to increasing life expectancy everywhere. According to available data, lung cancer contributes the most to cancer deaths. Also, according to available data, those diagnosed early have a 50 percent chance of survival over those diagnosed with late-stage cancer. It means that early detection is paramount to the survival of a lung cancer patient, leading to a reduction in the number of cancer deaths. We, therefore, evaluated six different machine learning algorithms to see which one performed optimally in accurately predicting the level of lung cancer development in a patient. We considered various parameters when choosing the dataset for this evaluation as the pathogenesis of lung cancer involves a combination of intrinsic factors and exposure to environmental carcinogens. We also considered varying the features in our data, categorizing them under diagnostic risk factors (age, gender, alcohol use, air pollution, balanced diet, obesity, smoking, passive smoker) and symptoms (fatigue, weight loss, shortness of breath, swallowing difficulty, frequent cold, dry cough) and the inferences we drew from this indicated that those that have the symptom features prior to diagnosis had the highest chance of being diagnosed with a high level of cancer. The final results of our evaluation showed that the best levels of predictions on new data were achieved by optimized Random Forest, KNN, and SVM models. Speaker(s): Rakesh Pattanayak, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, Virtual: https://events.vtools.ieee.org/m/312340

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